Polished Concrete: How It’s Made

Polished Concrete: How It’s Made

Dec 30, 2020 | Tips & Tricks

Polished concrete is a beautiful, durable flooring system that can be installed just about anywhere! It’s seen use everywhere from homes to businesses to factories.

But how do concrete contractors install this highly versatile floor? That’s what we’re here to explain!

In the article below, we’ll discuss polished concrete and how concrete polishing is performed so you can better understand this flooring system and whether or not it’s right for your space. Continue reading to learn more!

What is Polished Concrete?

Benefits of Polished Concrete

  • Durability: The concrete polishing process hardens the concrete, making a much more durable surface that’s resistant to various impacts, abrasions, and high volumes of foot and vehicle traffic.
  • Resistance: Concrete polishing actually makes concrete non-porous, meaning it will repel various liquid substances, such as chemicals and water, to prevent stains and damage.
  • Longevity: Polishing concrete adds years to its lifespan. This process is an effective way to get the most out of your concrete floors by ensuring they last for decades!
  • Ease of Maintenance: Maintaining a polished concrete floor is effortless! This floor is quick and straightforward to keep it clean, only requiring daily sweeping or dust mopping, weekly wet mopping, and spot mopping as needed.
  • Energy Efficiency: The high gloss finish of polished concrete makes its surface highly reflective. This reflective nature allows home and business owners to utilize fewer lights to achieve the same visibility! As a result, you’ll notice lower electricity bills with this reflective flooring solution!

The Concrete Polishing Process

Now that you know a little bit about polished concrete and what it has to offer let’s delve into how it’s created!

Cleaning and Inspection

The polishing process begins with your concrete floors being thoroughly cleaned and then inspected for damage. If any damage, such as cracks, chipping, or flaking, is discovered, it’ll need to be repaired before the floor can be polished.


Repairs are a crucial part of the process as any damage will tarnish the finish on the floor and possibly make the polishing ineffective. Cracks are typically repaired using an injectable epoxy filler to prevent the cracks from spreading or worsening. Chipped and flaking areas are usually fixed using a concrete patch the covers and seals the damage.

Rough Grinding the Concrete

With repairs complete, the polishing process can truly begin. This starts with rough grinding the concrete in a three to four-step process. In most cases, the coarse grind starts with a 30 or 40-grit diamond grinding wheel and finishes with a 150-grit. The purpose of the rough grind is to remove any minor blemishes, stains, or pits from the floor in preparation for the fine polishing.

Sealing the Concrete

After the rough grinding has been finished, an impregnating sealer is applied to the floor that soaks into the concrete, protecting it from the inside out. This sealer hardens and densifies the concrete, making it more durable and non-porous.

Fine Polishing the Concrete

The fine polishing is the last part of the process and is a four to five-step process. It typically begins with a 100 or 200-grit resin-bond polishing wheel and is switched out to ever-finer grit wheels with each pass. Most floors are finished with a 1,500 to 3,000-grit polishing wheel, depending on the level of sheen you want your floor to have.

Once the last polishing pass has been made, your floor is ready for full use!

Finishing Up

Now you should have a better understanding of what polished concrete is, what it has to offer, and how it’s made! If you’re considering having a polished concrete floor installed, you should have all the info you need to make an informed decision. Good luck with all your flooring needs!